Arend is the Director of the Nature Finance convened Sustainability-linked Sovereign Debt Hub and leads the work on sovereign financing. He has 15 years of experience in sovereign debt, spanning work in credit trading, risk management, economic research, credit ratings, and debt advisory. Prior to joining NF, Arend was part of the sovereign advisory team at Citigroup where he helped governments manage a wide range of debt management challenges. Before that he worked at the technology consulting firm BFA Global as a policy specialist and product manager designing innovative tools for governments across the world. Arend has also been Director of Sovereign Ratings at Fitch Ratings, an macroeconomist at Swiss Re, and an investment banker at Standard Bank. He holds a B.A. from McGill University in Montreal, and a M.S.c from the London School of Economics. He is based in Zurich, Switzerland.